The individual wno invented the concept of mass construction of suburban homes was William Levitt. The great economic
growth of the late 1940s and early 1950s resulted from great consumer demand and heavy defense spending. The new American
suburbs of the 1950s showed a surprising occupational diversity among inhabitants. According to the social critic C. Wright
Mills, the real villiain in American society in the 1950s was the corporation. The launching of the Soviet Sputnik in
1957 led to a massive reformation in American education. President Harry Truman's domestic program was known as the Fair Deal.
Eisenhower's legislative resord could be characterized as very modest. In Congress, Sam Rayburn was Democrats that President
Eisenhower had to work most closely with during the 1950s. The one significant legislative achievement of the Eisenhower years
was the Highway Act of 1956. In its decision in Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, the Supreme Court declared separate
educational facilities to be inherently unequal.